Brief History of Hindi

          Hindi started to emerge as Apabhramsha in the 7th century and by the 10th century become stable. Served dialects of Hindi have been used in literature. Braj was the popular literary dialect until it was replaced by khariboli in the 19th century.

Current use

         Hindi is the mostly widely spoken of India’s official languages. It is spoken mainly in northern states of Rajasthan, Delhi, Haryana, Uttarkhand, Uttar Pradesh, Chattisgarh, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Chattisgarh, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand and Bihar. It is second major language in Andaman and Nicobar Islands and it is also spoken alongside with regional languages like Punjabi, Gujarati, Marathi or Bengali throughout north and Central India. Hindi is also understood in other parts of India as well as in the neighboring countries of Nepal, Bangladesh and Pakistan.

         More than 180 million people in India regard Hindi as their mother tongue. Another 300 million use it as second language. Outside of India, Hindi speakers are 1,00,000 in U.S.A, 685,170 Mountius, 890,292 in South Africa, 232,760 in Yemen, 142,000 in Uganda, 5,000 in Singapore, 8 million in Nepal, 2o,ooo in New Zealand, 30,000 in Germany. Urdu the official language of Pakistan and other countries is an older, Southern form of Urdu that uses fewer Persian or Arabic words.

History of the Department

            The year 1970 is significant in the history of our institute, School of Social Work, Roshni Nilaya, Mangalore. It introduced Hindi as one of the second language for B.A and B.S.W degree course.
           Department of Hindi started Hindi Sahitya Sangh ‘Hum Roshni’ on 07th July 2009. The department has one full time faculty.

          Dr. Keshava Gowda U joined School of Social Work, Roshni Nilaya, in the month of July 2009. He has to his credit M.A, B.Ed, M.Ed, M.Phil, Ph.D, R.B.H.V, PGDCA PGDT, VFX (VIDEO & FILM EDITING) degrees. He has above 17 years of teaching.


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2015-16 Syllabi Hindi B.A. & B.S.W.


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School of Social Work
Roshni Nilaya, Mangalore- 575 002
Karnataka - India

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