English / Common name- Sago Palm

Local name- ಸಬ್ಬಕ್ಕಿ ಮರ

Botanical name- Cycas revoluta

Appearance- It is a non-flowering plant. It has long, dark green fronds that are slightly glossy. The stem is thick and may grow to a width of 2 to 12 feet. It grows to a height of 3 feet to 20 feet.

Origin- Sago palm originated in the area extending from the Moluccas of Indonesia to New Guinea.

Conditions required for growth- Sago palm grows best in bright sunlight. The soil must be fertile and well-drained and requires little watering. It grows well in soil that is slightly acidic, with a pH of 5.5–6.5. The sago palm grows best in warm, humid conditions.

Uses- A single sago palm yields about 150–300 kg sago. The starch produced is an important item and may be extracted after thorough washing and processing. It is used to stiffen cloth material in the textile industry. It is mostly used as an ornamental plant.

Hazards- All parts of the sago palm are toxic to humans and animals when ingested, but the seeds (nuts) are the most toxic part. The toxin, called cycasin, attacks the liver causing a broad range of symptoms. Starch may be extracted after thorough washing and processing to prevent poisoning.

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