Common name- Monkeypod tree.

Botanical name- Samanea saman.

Appearance- Raintree generally attains maximum heights of 15–25 m (50–80 ft). In rare cases, it can reach a height of 50 m (160 ft). The crown typically reaches 30 m (100 ft) in diameter. Very large trees may reach 50–60 m (160–195 ft) in diameter. Rain trees usually have a short, stout trunk of about 1–2 m (3–6.5 ft) in diameter at breast height (dbh), but the trunk can attain 2–3 m (6.5–10 ft) dbh in exceptional cases. Under dense planting conditions, trees may attain greater height (to 40 m, 130 ft) with a narrower crown diameter than when planted in the open.

Origin- The monkeypod tree is native to Central and South America -- it's widespread from Mexico down through Peru, Bolivia, and Brazil. Because the tree drops seeds, birds, and rodents naturally disseminate them.

Conditions required for growth- Although originating from a part of tropical America that has a pronounced, seasonal dry climate, rain trees are highly adaptable and have proven able to thrive in many tropical and subtropical climate regimes. Today the species is successfully established in a wide range of climates, including both ever-wet (equatorial) and seasonally dry (monsoon) climates that have an annual rainfall of 600–3000 mm (24–120 in) and at elevations ranging from sea level to 300 m (1000 ft) (exceptionally to 1450 m [4750 ft]).

Uses- The wood is used for carving items for sale to tourists, and the seeds are strung in garlands. The seeds, once cleaned from the sticky fruit pulp, are used in making seed necklaces and other craft items in Hawaii. The pods are ground into nutritious animal feed in several South American countries.

Common remedies-

  • To cure constipation (Part of the tree used - Bark) , The boiled bark is applied as a poultice (soft and moist material). a decoction of the inner bark and fresh leaves is used for diarrhea.


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