English/ Common name- Soapnut tree, Washnut tree, Ritha tree

Local name- ನೊರೆಕಾಯಿ ( Norekaayi )

Botanical name- Sapindus mukorossi

Appearance- Soapnut tree is a fast-growing tropical deciduous tree native from India to Japan that grows about 20m tall. Its bole is straight, cylindrical, and can be up to 60cm in diameter. The flowers are small, white, and occur in large panicles. The fruits are smooth and yellow to orange.

Origin- This tree is having a native to East Asia-China, Japan, Korea, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam.

Conditions required for growth- This plant can be found at elevations up to 1500 meters in subtropical or even tropical zones. It is found in areas where the mean annual rainfall is medium. Succeeds in a sunny position in any well-drained position. Prefers a deep, fertile, moist soil, but plants are very tolerant of a wide range of soils, including those that are dry, stony, or nutrient deficient.

Uses- The plant is medicinally used in the treatment of epilepsy, burns, head lice, dental problems, etc. the seeds are edible, usually crushed and boiled, and used in desserts. Seed kernels can be used as fertilizers after seed oil extraction Due to their high saponin content, the fruits can be used as a substitute for soap and for restoring and brightening tarnished silverware. Powdered seeds have insecticidal properties. The wood is used for making furniture, boards, plywood, etc. It is also used for fuel and charcoal-making.

Common remedies-

  • To promote hair growth (Part of the tree used - Fruit ) : Add 1 to 2 tsp soapnuts powder in a glass of water. Stir it well. Wash your scalp with this water, After doing this rinse hair with neem decoction. This formula prevents hair fall and dandruff also.
  • For promoting skin quality (Part of the tree used - Fruit ) . Take dried soapnuts, boil them in water. Apply lukewarm on the affected part or powder some dried soapnuts. Add water to make a thin paste. Keep till it becomes thick. Apply on the affected part for half an hour twice a day.

 

 

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