A STUDY ON NEEDS AND PROBLEM OF ELDERLY
A UGC Minor Research Project By Dr. P. Jenis Mary
Aging is universal phenomenon and natural biological process of life cycle. It is not a disease which can be cured. According to Hurlock (1991) old age is the closing period in the life span. It is a period when people ‘move away’ from previous, more desirable periods or times of ‘usefulness’. Life span is frequently subdivided into early old age, which extends from age sixty to seventy, and advanced old age, which begins at seventy and extends to the end of life.
The elderly population (aged 60 years or above) account for 8.6 percent of total Indian population as of 2011. Indian traditional joint family system had been the main shelter for aged persons. Even presently they are regarded as respectable in family, but in the wake of urbanization and modernization this joint family system is fast disintegrating, giving birth to neutral families and thus neglecting them.
In recent years the population of elderly is increasing in the world, the elderly today are neglected and are not cared. The main motivation of the study is Now-a-days the old are abandoned by their children either due to their busy life style and work or due to their illness.
In this study, Simple Random Sampling has been used for selecting the respondents. In this, method each and every item in the population has an equal chance of inclusion in the sample and each one of the possible sample has the same probability of being selected. The study is Descriptive in nature consisting of 250 respondents.
Social mapping was taken by field investigator. It helped to know the elderly population in the area. It helped the researcher to create awareness among the people of how elderly people should be respected in the society. The researcher could find out the needs and problems of elderly. Awareness was created about the Vishwas Trust and the Helpline Centre which the elderly for emergency purposes. The unexpected outcome of social mapping had been the elders were motivated to form the neighbourhood group in their area
The study was conducted in various parts of Dakshina Kannada and neighbouring cities in Mangalore.
government and non-government agencies programmes and schemes that are available for the elderly are mentioned. These schemes go unnoticed because of lack of awareness and dependency on children. These schemes would facilitate the elderly to live a satisfactory life. Schemes like Annapurna which gives 10 kgs of subsidized rice to the old; likewise National Old Age Pension Scheme which is sanctioned by both the Central and the State Government are not well propagated and are underutilized.
In conclusion, one can say that aging is a mystery, but life is a greater mystery. Change is inevitable law of nature. Nothing can remain static in the world. Increased life expectancy, rapid urbanization and lifestyle changes have led to an emergence of varied problems for the elderly in India. It must be remembered that complete overview of care to the elderly is possible only with the Collaboration of Family, Community and the Government.